“Since we cannot change reality, let us change the eyes which see reality” – Nikos Kazantzakis

Modern Greek literature refers to all Greek literary works written in Modern Greek (demotic/dimotiki). These works started emerging in the 11th century AD during which time demotic Greek came to be used more and more over the Attic idiom and the Katharevousa reforms.

Modern Greek literature is usually written in polytonic orthography, though the monotonic orthography was made official in 1981. Modern Greek literature is represented by many important and internationally known writers, poets and novelists such as Nikos Kazantzakis, George Seferis, Odysseas Elytis, Constantine Cavafy, and others.

George Seferis and Odysseas Elytis have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Notable works of this time

  • Erofili (c.1600), drama by Georgios Chortatzis (noted by Palamas as the first work of modern Greek theatre)
  • Erotokritos (c.1600), romance by Vitsentzos Kornaros
  • Thourios or Patriotic hymn (1797) by Rigas Feraios
  • Hymn to Liberty (1823) by Dionysios Solomos
  • The Free Besieged (1826–1844) by Dionysios Solomos
  • The Papess Joanne (1866), novel by Emmanuel Rhoides
  • The Murderess (1903), novel by Alexandros Papadiamantis
  • Twelve Lays of the Gypsy (1907) by Kostis Palamas
  • The Light-Shadowed (1909), poetry collection by Angelos Sikelianos
  • The King’s flute (1910) by Kostis Palamas
  • Life in the Tomb (1923) by Stratis Myrivilis
  • Number 31328 (1926), novel by Elias Venezis
  • Elegies and Satires (1927), poetry collection by Kostas Karyotakis
  • Strophe (1931), poetry collection by Giorgos Seferis
  • Epitafios (1936) by Yiannis Ritsos (melodized by Mikis Theodorakis)
  • Zorba the Greek (1946), novel by Nikos Kazantzakis
  • The Last Temptation of Christ (1953), novel by Nikos Kazantzakis
  • Captain Michalis (1953), novel by Nikos Kazantzakis
  • Romiosini (1954), by Yiannis Ritsos (melodized by Mikis Theodorakis)
  • To Axion Esti (1959), poetry collection by Odysseas Elytis (melodized by Mikis Theodorakis)
  • Bloody Earth (1962), novel by Dido Sotiriou
  • Eighteen Short Songs of the Bitter Motherland (1973), poetry collection by Yiannis Ritsos (melodized by Mikis Theodorakis)
External links: Wikipedia

Modern Greek literature

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