Homer is a Greek epic poet, the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. Ancient Greeks revered Homer and considered him the first and greatest of all epic poets.
We don’t know for sure when or where he lived (or if he existed at all for that matter). Herodotus tells us that Homer lived around 400 years before his own time, which would place Homer’s birth at around 850 BC.
The importance of Homer to the ancient Greeks is described in Plato’s Republic, which describes him as the protos didaskalos, “first teacher”, and the hegemon paideias, “leader of our culture”.
Homer’s works, which are about fifty percent speeches, provided models in persuasive speaking and writing that were emulated throughout the ancient and medieval worlds. Fragments of Homer account for nearly half of all identifiable Greek literary papyri finds in Egypt.