Greek mythology: The age of mythological heroes
Heroic age, or the age of heroes is the mythological time during which the ancient Greek heroes such as Heracles and Achilles lived and acted. The epic poetry created stories clustered around heroes and events and established the family relationships between the heroes of different stories creating a sequence of events.
After the rise of the hero cult, gods and heroes constitute the sacral sphere and are invoked together in oaths and prayers which are addressed to them. The main difference between the age of heroes and the age of gods is that during the heroic age the roster of heroes is never given fixed and final form. New gods are no longer born, but new heroes can always be created. Another important difference between the hero cult and the worship of gods is that people in a specific geographical location can idientify with a local hero who then becomes the centre of the local group identity.
The story of Heracles and his 12 labours are regarded as the dawn of the age of heroes. Other important events of this age include: the Argonautic expedition, the Theban Cycle, and the Trojan War.
Here’s a list of popular Greek myths of the heroic age: